It is estimated that 1,685,210 new cases of cancer will be diagnosed in the US in 2016 and 595,690 people will die from the disease. The most common cancers in 2016 are expected to be breast cancer, lung and bronchial cancer, prostate cancer, colorectal cancer, bladder cancer, melanoma, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, thyroid cancer, kidney and renal pelvis cancer, leukemia, endometriosis and pancreas cancer .
Some cancers that most commonly affect women are breast, colon, endometrial, lung, cervix, skin, and ovarian cancers. Knowing these types of cancer and what you can do to help prevent or detect them early (when they are young and easy to treat) can help save your life. Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer that women will encounter in their lifetime (excluding skin cancer). It can happen at any age, but the risk increases with age. Due to certain factors, some women may be at a higher risk of developing breast cancer than others. But every woman should know about breast cancer and what can be done about it.
Women’s bodies are constantly changing. Women go through many different stages of growth in their bodies, but sometimes your body can take an abnormal path. Women should be well aware of the warning signs of cancer. Many women will have early signs of cancer. The ability to recognize the early signs of cancer can save a life! It’s important to be aware, so here are 15 early signs of cancer that women shouldn’t ignore.
Breast changes – Most breast growths are not cancerous, but they should always be checked by your doctor. Tell her about changes such as dimples, wrinkled skin, nipple retraction, nipple discharge, redness and peeling of the skin of the nipples or breasts.
Bloating. Women with bloating are normal, says Marilyn Myers, MD, an oncologist at New York University Langone Medical Center. But she also says that if symptoms don’t improve over time, or if they occur with weight loss or bleeding, see a doctor. Persistent bloating can sometimes mean ovarian cancer. You will have a pelvic exam as well as blood tests and sometimes an ultrasound.
Bleeding between periods. If your period continues, tell your doctor if you find bleeding between periods. Bleeding that is not part of your regular menstrual cycle can have many causes, but your doctor will want to rule out cancer of the lining of your uterus (endometrial cancer).
Skin changes. A change in the size, shape, or color of a mole or other blemish is a common sign of skin cancer. See your doctor for a thorough examination and possibly a biopsy. It’s the only time you don’t want to wait, Myers says.
Blood in urine or stool. Talk to your doctor if you’re bleeding from a part of your body that doesn’t usually happen, especially if the bleeding lasts more than a day or two, Myers says. Bloody stools are often the result of hemorrhoids, but can also be a symptom of colon cancer. Bloody urine is usually the first sign of bladder or kidney cancer, says Herbert Lepore, MD, a urologist at New York University Langone.
Changes in the lymph nodes. Lymph nodes are small, bean-shaped glands around the body. Most of the changes in it come from a common infection. But some types of cancer, including leukemia and lymphoma, can also cause swollen lymph nodes. It’s a good idea to see a doctor if you have swelling or swelling anywhere on your body that persists for a month or more, Myers said.
Swallowing problems. You don’t need to worry about swallowing problems from time to time. But if it happens frequently, especially with vomiting or weight loss, your doctor may want to test you for throat or stomach cancer.
Accidental weight loss – Myers says most unintentional weight loss is not cancer. “It’s often caused by stress or thyroid problems, but it can also be a sign of pancreatic cancer,” she says. It is also possible to develop stomach and lung cancer. Your doctor may order many tests to look for a problem, including blood tests and imaging tests such as a CT scan.
Heartburn. Too much food, alcohol, or stress (or all three) can cause severe heartburn. Myers suggests changing your diet for a week or two to see if your symptoms improve.
Changes in the mouth. If you smoke, look for white or bright red patches in your mouth or on your lips. Both can indicate oral cancer. Ask your doctor or dentist about tests and treatment.
Fever. A fever that won’t go away